Mental Retardation

Consessions

PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES Act 1995
(Equal opportunities protection of rights and full participation)

This Act was passed by the parliament on Dec 12 , 1995 and notified on Feb 7, 1996. The Act elaborated the responsibilities of the Central and State Government, local bodies to provide services, facilities and equal opportunities to the people with disabilities for participating as productive citizens of the country. The Act provides for the both preventive and promotional aspects of rehabilitation.

* THE DISABILITIES COVERED IN THE ACT ARE:

Blindness, Low vision, Leprosy, Hearing impairment, Loco-motor disability, mental retardation and mental illness. A person with disability has to be certified by a medical authority that he or she is suffering from not less than 40% of the disability.

The following are the main features of the Act:
  1. Assures that every child with disability shall have access to education unit 18 years of age.
  2. Every child with disability shall be placed in the most appropriate educational environment.
  3. Reserves 3% seats for the children with disability in every aided school in the country.
  4. Estabilishes grievances redressal machinery at the central and state levels.
  5. Earmarked 3% vacancies for people with disabilities in identified post in all classes of employment under the Central and state government and Public sector undertaking.